Through a small incision, a rod shaped telescope, attached to a camera, is inserted into an operative site enabling a surgeon to see and perform all the major maneuvers previously done through a larger incision and opening. Through technological innovation, the surgeon's camera and scalpel can reach almost every organ, so that surgery on the gallbladder, appendix, stomach, intestines, pancreas, spleen, kidneys and all the female organs can be done laparoscopically. More recently, laparoscopic operations have also been developed for the bladder and prostate.
Some patients with many prior operations may have so much scar tissue that a safe laparoscopic operation cannot be done. Each person responds in his or her own way to surgery and anesthesia. Individual results may vary.
There is typically less pain and a quicker return to normal body function and overall physical activity after laparoscopic procedures.
Learn more about laparoscopy.
Laser surgery uses a light beam to remove diseased tissue or treat blood vessels. Some types of cosmetic surgery use a laser source.
Learn more about laser surgery.
Minimally invasive treatments, such as stents, grafts and balloon angioplasty are endovascular advances which are less invasive and require less recovery time than traditional vascular surgery.
Learn more about endovascular procedures.
A tiny balloon is placed inside the narrowed artery. The balloon expands and opens the blockage. The balloon is deflated and removed.
Learn more about angioplasty.
Stents and Grafts
Stents are essentially mesh tubes that, when inserted in a blood vessel by way of a balloon catheter, help hold the vessel walls apart. Using x-ray guidance, doctors place a stent inside the vessel through the arteries at the groin. When the balloon is inflated, the stent expands and locks in place like a scaffold, thus enhancing blood flow. Drug-coated stents can inhibit cell growth within the vessel, improving efficient blood flow for a longer period of time. Grafts are stents that are covered with a material so they can be used to replace or bypass damaged vessels.
Learn more about stents and grafts.
Heart Valve Surgery
With this procedure, the chest does not have to be cracked open. The scar is minimal and recovery time is much shorter with effective results.
Learn more about heart valve surgery.