UFE is performed by an interventional radiologist (IR). Patients receive mild sedation and a numbing agent to ensure comfort during the procedure. They begin the procedure by making a small nick at the top of the leg, near the groin area. Next, a tiny tube called a catheter is inserted into the femoral artery at the top of the leg (Fig. 2).
The catheter is then guided into the uterine artery and a contrast-enhanced X-ray is taken to map the arteries feeding the fibroids. Tiny Embosphere® Microspheres are injected through the catheter and into the fibroids, cutting off their blood supply (Fig. 3).
As a result, the fibroids shrink and symptoms are resolved, sparing the uterus and ovaries (Fig. 4).